Ph.D. level courses, organized within the several PhD programs offered by the Host Institution, provide participants of different areas with a better understanding of the legal framework applicable to robotics in Europe, giving them the possibility to further independently pursue their research in the field. In particular, high level PhD courses, confront with a multidisciplinary approach civil and criminal liability, contract law, administrative issues and several other legal implications of the use of Robotic technology. The Ph.D. level courses also address different dimensions of the ethical implications of R&A, such as bioethics, which analyzes human enhancement and bodily modification trends; machine ethics, which focuses on the possibility to ensure machines operate in an ethical way; roboethics, which deals with the very notions of ethics related to the very implication of R&A.